Theses

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  • The strategies of Polish immigrant women in their search for entry into the professional labour market in Canada
    The strategies of Polish immigrant women in their search for entry into the professional labour market in Canada
    This paper explores strategies of five Polish immigrant women in their search to enter the professional labour market in Canada. This study focuses on the most effective methods these women utilized in order for them to become successful. This study found that, despite their challenges and experiences, their way to success was strongly influenced by four main strategies they used to overcome these barriers. These are: use of Canadian government and other employment services/programs; networking within own ethnic community; improving their proficiency in English; and perseverance in the process of search for employment in Canada. This major research paper shows that there is much to learn from the strategies used by these Polish professional immigrant women for entering the professional labour market in Canada. The results will be presented in the form of research implications and practical applications for policy-makers, non-governmental organizations, and researchers.
    The success prospect of a Canadian foreign language international radio service
    The success prospect of a Canadian foreign language international radio service
    Canada's international image needs to be recast and enhanced. There are indications that her image does not reflect her achievements in science, technology and industry. Outdated and inaccurate perceptions of Canada in the world can have negative implications for her economic well-being as well as her ability to effectively participate in world affairs and international development.The thesis considers whether Radio Canada International (RCI) can help in producing an appropriate image of Canada and serve her national and international objectives. It scrutinizes the organization, present state and past performance of RCI as well as contextualizing the broadcaster within certain social and political trends in the country.The thesis concludes that RCI can help Canada in realizing her potential as a valuable player on the world stage and suggests that it should be assigned additional broadcasting responsibilities to this end.
    The surgical journey: exploring the OR-PACU handover
    The surgical journey: exploring the OR-PACU handover
    Patient safety in health care remains a serious concern in Canada. Adverse events can lead to physiological and psychological complications and pose a significant economic burden on the health care system. The purpose of this descriptive qualitative study was to explore the team processes, roles and factors that underpin effective communication between team members during an OR-PACU handover. Content analysis revealed four major categories: Ownership, Distractions and Interruptions, Transfer of Information and Workflow. The results of this study, informed by the Theory of Collective Competence enhance our understanding of the OR-PACU handover and support the need for the development of a structured OR-PACU team handover process.
    The sustainable bride: an exploration in conceptual bridal design.
    The sustainable bride: an exploration in conceptual bridal design.
    The production and use of the traditional, iconic wedding gown is an unsustainable practice. Despite the celebrity-endorsed, environmentally aware social climate in North America, the trend to purchase single-use garments continues to dominate the bridal fashion industry. Using McDonough and Braungart’s (2002) “cradle-to-cradle” theoretical approach, this project investigated creative pattern-making techniques to develop conceptual bridal gowns that maximize sustainability. The project blended modular and Zero Waste Pattern Cutting (ZWPC) design techniques to create innovative bridal fashion that eliminates fabric waste and extends garment use while adhering to an iconic and culturally acceptable bridal silhouette of fitted waist, open neckline, and full skirt. The project developed a Sustainability Scale to foster objective decision-making practices and facilitate selection of the most sustainable options, which has the potential for general fashion industry-wide application.
    The synthesis of novel BODIPY compounds for DSSC applications.
    The synthesis of novel BODIPY compounds for DSSC applications.
    The dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) represents one of the most promising next-generation photovoltaic technologies. In addition, the DSSC manifold provides an exceptional platform to further appreciate photoinduced electron transfer and the fundamental features required for light-harvesting. The dye molecule is a key component in the DSSC and has achieved minor success utilizing both an organic and inorganic photosensitizers. DSSC’s show great promise owing to their inexpensive synthesis tunable optical and electrochemical properties, and a plethora of design possibilities. The typical anatomy of organic and inorganic DSSC dyes are comprised of a redox-active donor/chromophore (D) that is connected, through a conjugated linker (π), to an acceptor (A) capable of anchoring to titania (TiO2). Fine tuning each of these components can shift the absorption spectrum increasing the overall device efficiency. Boron-dipyrromethene (BODIPY) is an attractive moiety to integrate into DSSC dyes. BODIPY’s rigid organic framework should be able to improve dye stability while the high extinction coefficients of BODIPY based molecules have the potential to increase device performance. Herein, we explore the synthesis and physicochemical properties of BODIPY in an attempt to synthesize efficient DSSC dye molecules and efficient photovoltaic technologies.
    The teaches of Peaches: rethinking the sex hierarchy and the limits of gender discourse
    The teaches of Peaches: rethinking the sex hierarchy and the limits of gender discourse
    The goal of this Major Research paper is an exploration detailing how Canadian Electro-Pop artist Peaches Nisker transcends normative gender and sex politics through performance and frames the female erotic experience in a way that not only disempowers heterosexuality but also provides a broader more inclusive sexual politics. Through this analysis I focus specifically on three distinct spheres; performance, fandom and use of technology to argue that her critique of sexual conventions provides an cxpansive and transgressive new definition of female sexuality. Musical performances by female artists, particularly icons such as Madonna and Britney Spears, have demonstrated popular culture's inability to legitimize queer and non-compulsory heterosexual practices. These performances often function as limiting representations of the sexual female. Queerness in popular music culture is often showcased as non-traditional and used as a form of spectacle. The appropriation of homoerotic imagery has traditionally served the purpose of appeasing the mass patriarchal pornographic gaze. I argue that Peaches embodies the essential queer spirit, presenting a politics that builds upon a more fluid sexuality. She reconfigures queer and heterosexual imagery using the language and framework that has been provided by compulsory heterosexuality, to shatter the foundation so often used against women and thereby presenting a new female erotic.
    The transformation of network neutrality in Canada
    The transformation of network neutrality in Canada
    "Telecommunications technology has dramatically transformed an individual's ability to access information. Internet surfers are often unaware of the ways in which their Internet services are being managed, and even fewer are familiar with the term Internet neutrality. As a growing trend, more Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in Canada are intervening with the infrastructure of the Internet by utilizing traffic management practices, such as bandwidth 'throttling'1, which hinder a user's ability to quickly access certain types of content online. Internet traffic management practices (ITMP) are a means for ISPs to control their 'congested'2 networks, with the aim of optimizing or improving their network's performance, or they can often aid in increasing usable bandwidth (Lithgow, 2011). Traffic management practices ultimately allow one kind of 'packet'3 to be delayed over another; for example, ISPs often use a program called Deep Packet Inspection (DPI), which is a program that can identify forms of traffic online, meaning it can target specific applications. Since ITMPs can target specific 'packets' online, smaller interest groups, and businesses became increasingly concerned that network neutrality policy principles, such as 'common-carriage'4 was not being enforced by the CRTC. This paper will identify the main concerns of utilizing ITMP on broadband networks, and will illustrate that ITMP can and should be connected to the discussion regarding network neutrality in Canada" -- From the introduction, page 1.
    The transition to high definition in English Canadian broadcasting: challenges and opportunities in a changing media environment
    The transition to high definition in English Canadian broadcasting: challenges and opportunities in a changing media environment
    This Major Research Paper sets out to provide an overview of the transition to High Definition television broadcasting from a Canadian perspective using a variety of research methods including interviews with executives from Canada's top media companies, policy research and case studies. This paper will illustrate how the transition to digital television and High Definition (HDTV) technology will fundamentally change the way a television program is produced, broadcast, distributed, and viewed by the audience. It is anticipated that this changeover will significantly alter the economic business models of broadcasters, producers, and broadcast distribution undertakings. It will also affect programming services, while completely restructuring the technical infrastructure of the industry. Therefore, the significance of this changeover has been compared by many as being similar to the switch from black and white to colour television in the 1950s (Brace, 2007; Brinkley, 1997; Galperin, 2004; Hart, 2004; Heidendahl, 2007).
    The tribe & the software tester
    The tribe & the software tester
    The human bind is truly a marvel and with it humanity has managed incredible feasts in so short a history it is staggering. Even so, the mind is flawed. Psychologists have shown time and again that we can fail-constantly and predictably-at even simple and common tasks, such as tracking changes in a visual scene. As software development races forward, and the need for human software testers continues, these cognitive biases must be considered and compensated for during the software testing process. This thesis examines a number of these biases and their applicability to software testing, it proposes the integration of aspects of psychology into the software testing process, and shows experimentally that the human software tester can very easily be tricked and manipulated in simple ways.
    The trophic transfer of Cd and Pb from navicula pelliculosa (Bacillariophyta) to Hyalella azteca (Amphipoda)
    The trophic transfer of Cd and Pb from navicula pelliculosa (Bacillariophyta) to Hyalella azteca (Amphipoda)
    Currently, information identifying the importance of food and water in the trophic transfer of metals for most aquatic organisms is limited, yet such information is essential for modeling metal movement within food webs. Hyalella azteca is a suitable organism to study the trophic transfer of metals since they represent a major, but potentially vulnerable component of the food web of many lakes. Since studies involving the trophic transfer are limited, the objective of this research was to determine the relative importance of food and water sources of Pb and Cd to these animals.Hyalella azteca browses on the film of microscopic plants, animals and organic debris covering leaves, stems and other substrates. Hyalella azteca are epibenthic freshwater organisms that prefer foods high in protein. A major challenge of this study involved determining a substrate in which algae would grow and stay attached so Hyalella azteca could graze. Preliminary studies found that the diatom species, Navicula pelliculosa grew and adhered well to Teflon ® surfaces and that Hyalella azteca grazed the diatoms from the surface of Teflon ® . Thus, Navicula pelliculosa was grown in the presence of Pb and Cd concentrations and then fed to the organisms. No significant difference was found between organisms exposed to Pb and Cd from water and from water and food, indicating that Pb and Cd bioaccumulation from food is negligible when the dissolved inorganic fractions are buffered with ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA).The average log 10 bioconcentration factor (BCF) for Cd was calculated to be 5.25 from water exposure and 5.49 from water and foodexposure. The log 10 Hyalella BCF for Pb was calculated as 4.62 from water exposureand 4.59 from water and food exposure. From these results, it can be concludedthat a food source containing Pb and Cd concentrations of 15 nM Pb and 0.37nM Cd, had no noticeable effect on metal burdens to Hyalella azteca. Metaluptake by Hyalella azteca at the levels studied was found to be primarily fromthe dissolved phase.
    The ultimate sacrifice : the consequences of migratory separation on the Caribbean family
    The ultimate sacrifice : the consequences of migratory separation on the Caribbean family
    One may wonder why a parent, especially a mother, would migrate without her children. For the majority of Caribbean women, their decision to emigrate without their children is mainly driven by necessity. The typical Caribbean mother operates on the premise that a mother will do anything for the betterment of her children. In this paper, I will provide a critical review of the available literature on transnational migration to North America, both Canada and the United States, as it relates to migratory separation, with an emphasis on the psychological consequences that this form of migration has on members of the family in the home and receiving country.
    The urban internet: reality, virtuality, and urban social practice in internet cafes.
    The urban internet: reality, virtuality, and urban social practice in internet cafes.
    "The purpose of this paper is to begin the examination of the internet as one aspect of everyday life, particularly in an urban context, and to chart the various ways that internet technology facilitates in-person social interactions."--Page 2.