Research

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  • What are essential elements of valid research:  The problem of 'data' and their collection in cross-cultural contexts
    What are essential elements of valid research: The problem of 'data' and their collection in cross-cultural contexts
    Online version of an article originally published as: Bernhard, J. K. (2010). What are essential elements of valid research: The problem of 'data' and their collection in cross-cultural contexts. Perspectives: A Journal of Family Resource Programs, Canada. 3, 27-32.
    What can be learned from patient stories about living with the chronicity of heart illness? A Narrative Inquiry
    What can be learned from patient stories about living with the chronicity of heart illness? A Narrative Inquiry
    Background: Patients’ illness stories are valuable information that supports person-centred care across the illness trajectory. Aims: To learn how older South Asian immigrant women experience living with heart illness long after discharge from hospital. Method: We used narrative inquiry, a personal experience method that explores and interprets lived and told stories through the three dimensions of experience. Design: Four participants, over the age of sixty, living with heart illness for over ten years, were invited to engage in narrative interview and Narrative Reflective Process. Outcomes: Giving patients voice, allows caregivers insight into the human experience of illness beyond hospitalization. Considering the increased migration of people around the globe, this knowledge is significant in provision of person-centred care. Implications: Person-centred care does not end with the hospitalization and outpatient clinics. Inter-disciplinary teams need to reconsider the trajectory of chronic illnesses and the care required throughout, especially for marginalized populations., Schwind, J. K., Fredericks, S., Metersky, K., & Porzuczek, V. G. (2016). What can be learned from patient stories about living with the chronicity of heart illness? A narrative inquiry. Contemporary Nurse, 52(2-3), 216-229. doi:10.1080/10376178.2015.1089179
    What is my Child Learning at Elementary School? Culturally Contested Issues Between Teachers and Latin American Families
    What is my Child Learning at Elementary School? Culturally Contested Issues Between Teachers and Latin American Families
    Online version of an article originally published as: Bernhard, J. K., & Freire, M. (1999). What is my child learning at school? Culturally contested issuses of Latin American children and families. Canadian Ethnic Studies Journal, 31(3):72-94.
    When I'm Sixty-Four: Beatles Rock Band and the Commodification of Nostalgia
    When I'm Sixty-Four: Beatles Rock Band and the Commodification of Nostalgia
    In 2009, only a few months after the game’s release, the popular trade magazine Advertising Age declared Beatles Rock Band one of America’s hottest brands ("America's hottest brands", 2009). This is quite a feat for a lowly video game, and begs that we consider the reasons for the game’s success as well a the potential social consequences for similar popular games. There are two major elements at work in the creation of Beatles Rock Band as a successful brand, and this paper conducts an analysis of the game in order to identify both of them. First of all, it explores the Beatles as a brand that continues to provide emotional and spiritual value for consumers, and how the feelings associated with this brand have developed intertextually since the band first gained international popularity in 1962. Secondly, this paper will show how Beatles Rock Band works almost like a documentary game, and in doing so rewrites history in order to capitalize on a white-washed and romanticized ideal of 1960s culture. As such, it will show the ways that the Beatles Rock Band draws on previous commercial texts associated with the Beatles brand to create an hyperreal fiction based on historic people and events. This paper is divided up into four sections. The first section will provide a theoretical overview of convergence, remediation, and the business of culture, and then will conduct a brief review of the methodology of digital game studies. The second section will look at the specifics of the game, and some of ways that the game has been marketed to the public at large. The third section will provide a description and overview of the Beatles as a brand, and the ways the brand continues to adapt and change over time in order to appeal to a broad and changing audience. Finally, the fourth section will discuss the commoditfication of nostalgia generally, and the specific ways that this game rewrites history to reproduce it as a commodity., Hodson, J. (2012). When I'm Sixty-Four: Beatles Rock Band and the Commodification of Nostalgia. Loading..., 6(10). Retrieved July 25, 2016, from http://journals.sfu.ca/loading/index.php/loading/article/view/110/130
    When Reality Meets the Mobile Imaginary: Exploring Constraints in Mobile Technology Use
    When Reality Meets the Mobile Imaginary: Exploring Constraints in Mobile Technology Use
    Middleton, Catherine. (2011). When Reality Meets the Mobile Imaginary: Exploring Constraints in Mobile Technology Use. [PDF document]., Materialities and Imaginaries of the Mobile Internet Conference. Kitchener, February 2011.
    When Reality Meets the Mobile Imaginary: Exploring Constraints in Mobile Technology Use
    When Reality Meets the Mobile Imaginary: Exploring Constraints in Mobile Technology Use
    Middleton, Catherine. (2011). When Reality Meets the Mobile Imaginary: Exploring Constraints in Mobile Technology Use. [PowerPoint slides].
    When an inefficient firm makes higher profit than its efficient rival
    When an inefficient firm makes higher profit than its efficient rival
    This paper considers a Cournot duopoly game with endogenous organization structures. There are two firms A and B who compete in the retail market, where A is more efficient than B. Prior to competition in the retail stage, firms simultaneously choose their organization structures which can be either 'centralized' (one central unit chooses quantity to maximize firm's profit) or 'decentralized' (the retail unit chooses quantity to maximize firm's revenue while the production unit supplies the required quantity). Identifying the (unique) Nash Equilibrium for every retail-stage subgame, we show that the reduced form game of organization choices is a potential game. The main result is that with endogenous organization structures, situations could arise where the less efficient firm B obtains a higher profit than its more efficient rival A., Also available for download here: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/23324/
    Who Needs a 'Killer App'? Two Perspectives on Content in Residential Broadband Networks
    Who Needs a 'Killer App'? Two Perspectives on Content in Residential Broadband Networks
    This paper describes the deployment of a residential broadband network by relating two parallel but contrasting stories. Story 1 considers network providers' search for a killer application to drive demand for broadband networks, while Story 2 suggests that consumers have already found a killer application in e-mail and basic connectivity. It appears that residential broadband networks are currently being developed with a Story 1 perspective in mind. Story 2 should be assessed in the context of its historical persistence and significance. The implications for future development of residential broadband networks are considered when both stories are accepted as plausible., Preprint of an article later published as: Middleton, C. A. (2002). Who Needs a 'Killer App'? Two Perspectives on Content in Residential Broadband Networks. Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology, 34(2), 67-81.
    Who is Responsible for Human Factors in Engineering Design? The Case of Volvo Powertrain
    Who is Responsible for Human Factors in Engineering Design? The Case of Volvo Powertrain
    A case study in Volvo Powertrain is conducted to examine the distribution of responsibility for human factors in the companies’ engineering design process. Design decisions with human factors impact, and hence system performance implications, are identified in the design of both the product and the production system in a chain of decisions, spread across multiple stakeholder groups. Thus the organisational structure of the engineering design process appears to influence the ability to handle human factors appropriately at each stage of design. Responsibility (although perhaps not accountability) appears to be distributed throughout the engineering design process. Thus human factors aspects require careful coordination throughout engineering design., For a more in-depth look on this subject, please see: Neumann, W.P., Ekman, M. and Winkel, J., 2009. Integrating ergonomics into system development - The Volvo Powertrain Case. Applied Ergonomics, 40(3): 527-537. doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2008.09.010 Neumann, W.P. and Winkel, J., 2005. Organisational design and the (dis)integration of human factors in production system development. In: B. Chase (Editor), Human aspects of advanced manufacturing: agility and hybrid automation, San Diego, USA. http://digitalcommons.ryerson.ca/ie/13/ Neumann, W.P., 2004. Production Ergonomics: Identifying and managing risk in the design of high performance work systems, Lund Technical University, Lund, 159 p. ISBN 91-628-6287-1 http://digitalcommons.ryerson.ca/ie/5/ Neumann, W.P., Wells, R.P., Norman, R.W., Jeans, B., Dubblestyne, D., Harvey, H., Peter, O. (1999) Roles and Relationships for Making Ergonomics Change: Results of a 2-Day Focus Session with Industry Personnel. Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association of Canadian Ergonomists, Hull, Canada http://digitalcommons.ryerson.ca/ie/3/
    Why the lie:  probing the explanation for journalistic cheating
    Why the lie: probing the explanation for journalistic cheating
    This Review Essay examines four books that offer a variety of explanations fabrication and plagiarism within journalism. They include explanations offered by the two most famous recent perpetrators of fabrication (Jayson Blair and Stephen Glass), as well as an analysis of the recent scandals at the New York Times and of cheating in the wider society. Among the explanations probed are workplace pressure, the "star" system in journalism, and the culture of trust and lack of policing within news organizations. Simpler explanations are rejected, including pure ambition, lack of ability, dysfunctional management, and affirmative action., Shapiro, I. (2006). Why They Lie: Probing the Explanations for Journalistic Cheating. Canadian Journal Of Communication, 31(1). Retrieved from http://www.cjc-online.ca/index.php/journal/article/view/1595
    Widespread acquisition of antimicrobial resistance among Campylobacter isolates from UK retail poultry and evidence for clonal expansion of resistant lineages
    Widespread acquisition of antimicrobial resistance among Campylobacter isolates from UK retail poultry and evidence for clonal expansion of resistant lineages
    Background Antimicrobial resistance is increasing among clinical Campylobacter cases and is common among isolates from other sources, specifically retail poultry - a major source of human infection. In this study the antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates from a UK-wide survey of Campylobacter in retail poultry in 2001 and 2004–5 was investigated. The occurrence of phenotypes resistant to tetracycline, quinolones (ciprofloxacin and naladixic acid), erythromycin, chloramphenicol and aminoglycosides was quantified. This was compared with a phylogeny for these isolates based upon Multi Locus Sequence Typing (MLST) to investigate the pattern of antimicrobial resistance acquisition. Results Antimicrobial resistance was present in all lineage clusters, but statistical testing showed a non-random distribution. Erythromycin resistance was associated with Campylobacter coli. For all antimicrobials tested, resistant isolates were distributed among relatively distant lineages indicative of widespread acquisition. There was also evidence of clustering of resistance phenotypes within lineages; indicative of local expansion of resistant strains. Conclusions These results are consistent with the widespread acquisition of antimicrobial resistance among chicken associated Campylobacter isolates, either through mutation or horizontal gene transfer, and the expansion of these lineages as a proportion of the population. As Campylobacter are not known to multiply outside of the host and long-term carriage in humans is extremely infrequent in industrialized countries, the most likely location for the proliferation of resistant lineages is in farmed chickens., Wimalarathna, H. M. L., Richardson, J. F., Lawson, A. J., Elson, R., Meldrum, R., Little, C. L.. . Sheppard, S. K. (2013). Widespread acquisition of antimicrobial resistance among campylobacter isolates from UK retail poultry and evidence for clonal expansion of resistant lineages. BMC Microbiology, 13(1), 160-160. doi:10.1186/1471-2180-13-160