Research

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  • Welfare effects of preferential trade agreements under optimal tariffs
    Welfare effects of preferential trade agreements under optimal tariffs
    In a three country model with endogenous tariffs, this paper evaluates and contrasts the welfare effects of free trade agreements (FTAs) and customs unions (CUs) — the two most commonly occurring preferential trade agreements (PTAs). We show that if the external tariff of a PTA is not too high, it benefits both members and non-members. We also highlight the implications of a key (but commonly ignored) distinction between the two types of PTAs: while an FTA member can form an another (independent) FTA with an existing non-member, a CU member cannot. Under a pair of independent bilateral FTAs, the common member’s welfare is higher than that under free trade. Furthermore, if the common member is relatively efficient compared to the other two countries, such a ‘hub and spoke’ pattern of FTAs can yield higher global welfare than free trade. By contrast, such an outcome is never possible under a CU., Also available for download here: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/17562/
    What If There Is No Killer Application? An Exploration of a User-Centric Perspective on Broadband
    What If There Is No Killer Application? An Exploration of a User-Centric Perspective on Broadband
    This paper explores user and provider experiences with broadband networks. Drawing on data from an early broadband trial and from recent studies of consumer broadband usage, the validity of the commonly held view that widespread adoption of broadband is dependent upon the development of a killer application is challenged. It is argued that access to broadband can be valuable for users without the provision of a killer application and that the dynamics of broadband development are shifting. As more users become content creators and distributors and as it becomes easier for consumers to establish broadband networks without help from traditional providers, the existing relationships within the broadband industry will change. Broadband researchers and stakeholders in the development of broadband networks are encouraged to explore and understand the implications of these changes, recognizing that there is much to be learned about deploying broadband in ways that will create the broad societal benefits promised by its promoters., Preprint of an article later published as: Middleton, C. A. (2003). What If There Is No Killer Application? An Exploration of a User-Centric Perspective on Broadband. Journal of Information Technology, 18(4), 231-246. Publisher URL: http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=0268%2d3962&volume=18&issue=4&spage=231
    What Makes Journalism “Excellent”? Criteria Identified by Judges in Two Leading Awards Programs
    What Makes Journalism “Excellent”? Criteria Identified by Judges in Two Leading Awards Programs
    What does “excellence” mean in journalism? The literature reveals no universally agreed set of standards, and awards guidelines are often unclear. We interviewed judges in two leading Canadian print journalism awards programs, using a sequence of open-ended and ranking questions to probe their criteria of excellence in a way calculated to elicit not just the standards they felt should be applied but the standards they actually did apply. Judges mentioned a wide variety of criteria, including the social importance and impact of works of journalism. But only two values were affirmed consistently: writing style and reporting rigour., Shapiro, I., Albanese, P., & Doyle, L. (2006). What Makes Journalism “Excellent”? Criteria Identified by Judges in Two Leading Awards Program, Canadian Journal of Communication, 31(2), 425-445. Retrieved from http://www.cjc-online.ca/index.php/journal/article/view/1743
    What are essential elements of valid research:  The problem of 'data' and their collection in cross-cultural contexts
    What are essential elements of valid research: The problem of 'data' and their collection in cross-cultural contexts
    Online version of an article originally published as: Bernhard, J. K. (2010). What are essential elements of valid research: The problem of 'data' and their collection in cross-cultural contexts. Perspectives: A Journal of Family Resource Programs, Canada. 3, 27-32.
    What can be learned from patient stories about living with the chronicity of heart illness? A Narrative Inquiry
    What can be learned from patient stories about living with the chronicity of heart illness? A Narrative Inquiry
    Background: Patients’ illness stories are valuable information that supports person-centred care across the illness trajectory. Aims: To learn how older South Asian immigrant women experience living with heart illness long after discharge from hospital. Method: We used narrative inquiry, a personal experience method that explores and interprets lived and told stories through the three dimensions of experience. Design: Four participants, over the age of sixty, living with heart illness for over ten years, were invited to engage in narrative interview and Narrative Reflective Process. Outcomes: Giving patients voice, allows caregivers insight into the human experience of illness beyond hospitalization. Considering the increased migration of people around the globe, this knowledge is significant in provision of person-centred care. Implications: Person-centred care does not end with the hospitalization and outpatient clinics. Inter-disciplinary teams need to reconsider the trajectory of chronic illnesses and the care required throughout, especially for marginalized populations., Schwind, J. K., Fredericks, S., Metersky, K., & Porzuczek, V. G. (2016). What can be learned from patient stories about living with the chronicity of heart illness? A narrative inquiry. Contemporary Nurse, 52(2-3), 216-229. doi:10.1080/10376178.2015.1089179
    What is my Child Learning at Elementary School? Culturally Contested Issues Between Teachers and Latin American Families
    What is my Child Learning at Elementary School? Culturally Contested Issues Between Teachers and Latin American Families
    Online version of an article originally published as: Bernhard, J. K., & Freire, M. (1999). What is my child learning at school? Culturally contested issuses of Latin American children and families. Canadian Ethnic Studies Journal, 31(3):72-94.
    When I'm Sixty-Four: Beatles Rock Band and the Commodification of Nostalgia
    When I'm Sixty-Four: Beatles Rock Band and the Commodification of Nostalgia
    In 2009, only a few months after the game’s release, the popular trade magazine Advertising Age declared Beatles Rock Band one of America’s hottest brands ("America's hottest brands", 2009). This is quite a feat for a lowly video game, and begs that we consider the reasons for the game’s success as well a the potential social consequences for similar popular games. There are two major elements at work in the creation of Beatles Rock Band as a successful brand, and this paper conducts an analysis of the game in order to identify both of them. First of all, it explores the Beatles as a brand that continues to provide emotional and spiritual value for consumers, and how the feelings associated with this brand have developed intertextually since the band first gained international popularity in 1962. Secondly, this paper will show how Beatles Rock Band works almost like a documentary game, and in doing so rewrites history in order to capitalize on a white-washed and romanticized ideal of 1960s culture. As such, it will show the ways that the Beatles Rock Band draws on previous commercial texts associated with the Beatles brand to create an hyperreal fiction based on historic people and events. This paper is divided up into four sections. The first section will provide a theoretical overview of convergence, remediation, and the business of culture, and then will conduct a brief review of the methodology of digital game studies. The second section will look at the specifics of the game, and some of ways that the game has been marketed to the public at large. The third section will provide a description and overview of the Beatles as a brand, and the ways the brand continues to adapt and change over time in order to appeal to a broad and changing audience. Finally, the fourth section will discuss the commoditfication of nostalgia generally, and the specific ways that this game rewrites history to reproduce it as a commodity., Hodson, J. (2012). When I'm Sixty-Four: Beatles Rock Band and the Commodification of Nostalgia. Loading..., 6(10). Retrieved July 25, 2016, from http://journals.sfu.ca/loading/index.php/loading/article/view/110/130
    When Reality Meets the Mobile Imaginary: Exploring Constraints in Mobile Technology Use
    When Reality Meets the Mobile Imaginary: Exploring Constraints in Mobile Technology Use
    Middleton, Catherine. (2011). When Reality Meets the Mobile Imaginary: Exploring Constraints in Mobile Technology Use. [PowerPoint slides].
    When Reality Meets the Mobile Imaginary: Exploring Constraints in Mobile Technology Use
    When Reality Meets the Mobile Imaginary: Exploring Constraints in Mobile Technology Use
    Middleton, Catherine. (2011). When Reality Meets the Mobile Imaginary: Exploring Constraints in Mobile Technology Use. [PDF document]., Materialities and Imaginaries of the Mobile Internet Conference. Kitchener, February 2011.
    When an inefficient firm makes higher profit than its efficient rival
    When an inefficient firm makes higher profit than its efficient rival
    This paper considers a Cournot duopoly game with endogenous organization structures. There are two firms A and B who compete in the retail market, where A is more efficient than B. Prior to competition in the retail stage, firms simultaneously choose their organization structures which can be either 'centralized' (one central unit chooses quantity to maximize firm's profit) or 'decentralized' (the retail unit chooses quantity to maximize firm's revenue while the production unit supplies the required quantity). Identifying the (unique) Nash Equilibrium for every retail-stage subgame, we show that the reduced form game of organization choices is a potential game. The main result is that with endogenous organization structures, situations could arise where the less efficient firm B obtains a higher profit than its more efficient rival A., Also available for download here: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/23324/