Copyright and Scholarly Communications Blog
The Library provides access to a number of electronic materials to support research, including eBooks, online journal article databases, primary source databases, data management tools, and publishing support.
If you require access to a print book, please contact your subject librarian. We will attempt to purchase the title as an ebook. If an item is not available electronically, your subject librarian can assist you with finding alternate material.
The Library’s Scholarly Communications Guide contains helpful information related to scholarly communication and publishing. This includes information on where to publish, copyright, how to identify high quality journals and avoid predatory journals, tips on self-archiving your research, and details about open access publishing.For more information, email Head of Collection Services, Brian Cameron email@example.com.
OER and Pressbooks
Open Educational Resources (OER) are materials that can be used and reused freely for educational purposes. The Library supports the collection and creation of OER by Ryerson faculty through the Ryerson University Pressbooks platform. For more information, email Web Services Librarian, Sally Wilson firstname.lastname@example.org.
Research data management
The Library’s Research Data Management (RDM) service assists researchers in managing data throughout the course of a research project. Organizing, storing and securing data from the outset can make it easier to work with and help to meet privacy requirements. For more information, email Research Data Management Specialist, Emily Maemura email@example.com.
The Library has added a wealth of new electronic resources to our collections to help advance SRC, and teaching and learning. Search the full list of resources by subject or name of publisher/package). Publishers have also extended temporary access to some resources.
Interlibrary Loans (RACER)
Interlibrary loans are available for e-delivery only. Requests submitted in RACER are being monitored regularly by staff. Please email any questions to firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Library can assist faculty, researchers and students with information on copyright and Ryerson’s Fair Dealing Guideline, as well as provide support for copyright compliance, author rights and currently licensed Library materials. For more information, email Copyright and Scholarly Engagement Librarian, Ann Ludbrook email@example.com.
Subject librarians support faculty and research teams in locating online research materials, including: journals, databases, data sets, streaming video, and more. They can help identify relevant journals for publication, and provide advice and best practices for systematic reviews, including use of citation management tools.
Ryerson University Library Digital Repository
Share your work! The Ryerson University Library Digital Repository collects, archives, and provides online access to research materials created by the Ryerson community, includertations, articles, and more. A new platform is in development to better help researchers showcase their work online. For more information, email Head of Collection Services, Brian Cameron firstname.lastname@example.org.
Enhance your online research profile with your ORCID iD–a unique identifier that enables faculty, researchers and graduate students to distinguish their research online, ORCID iDs are also increasingly being required by publishers and granting agencies. For more information, email Copyright and Scholarly Engagement Librarian, Ann Ludbrook email@example.com.
Library Collaboratory vitrual workshops
The Library Collaboratory is offering a number of research drop-ins and workshops throughout the spring and summer.
Do you want to enhance your online research profile? Are you planning to apply for a research grant or a job, or want to be ready when you do?
Then Register for the Research Profile Development Workshop for Graduate Students March 12th, 12 p.m. – 2 p.m. in SLC 508.
Research profile development is an important part of modern scholarship, for applying to jobs and grants as well as submitting papers for publication. Online profiles can aid in mobilizing your research and accomplishments so others can easily find them.
- Guest speaker Philip Mai from the Social Media Lab will discuss the importance of online research profiles.
- Learn how to populate both your research ID using ORCID and an online research profile using Google Scholar in a hands-on workshop with Ryerson University librarians (bring your laptop).
Ryerson graduate students from all disciplines are invited to attend. This series qualifies for Future Smart, so bring your passport to be signed.
A light lunch will be served. Space is limited, so register early! Please bring your laptop and be prepared to work on your profile.
Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org if you require any accessibility or dietary accommodations to ensure your inclusion in this event.
The week of February 24th is Fair Use/ Fair Dealing Week – an annual event to highlight, celebrate and educate about fair use in the United States and fair dealing in Canada and other jurisdictions. As part of our celebration of Fair Use/Fair Dealing Week, the Library is hosting a panel discussion, Copyright, and Education: 2020 Update
At this panel presentation, the speakers will review significant legal developments in the areas of fair dealing and copyright, which impact on the educational use of copyright materials. This includes the ruling in the Access Copyright v. York University case, as well as an update on the federal government’s review of the Copyright Act, and recent decisions by the Copyright Board impacting higher education. These developments will be of interest to instructors, faculty, and librarians, and others looking to ensure legal compliance with copyrighted materials in the classroom. Participants will also learn about the available supports at the Library to ensure copyright compliance, including the Library’s E-Reserves service.
Date: Monday, Feb. 24th, 2020
Julia Shin Doi, General Counsel General Counsel and Secretary of the Board of Governors
Carol Shepstone, Chief Librarian
Ann Ludbrook, Copyright and Scholarly Engagement Librarian
Open Access Week is a global event held annually in October to raise awareness of the benefits of Open Access in the academic community. Open access materials are academic materials distributed online legally and free of cost. This year’s theme is Open for Whom? Equity in Open Knowledge – a prompt for the academic community to consider the benefits of open access, which include increased access to knowledge in our own communities and around the world. Ryerson Library is hosting several Open Access Week events in the week Oct. 21-27. We encourage faculty and graduate students to attend open access events and learn more about how open access can benefit your teaching and research.Open Access Week Lecture: “Open Access and Inclusive Infrastructure in support of Epistemic Diversity and Knowledge Equity”
Keynote Speaker: Leslie Chan, University of Toronto, Scarborough
Day: Oct 21, 2019
Time: 12 p.m.- 2 p.m.
Location: Library Collaboratory, 3rd Floor (access via 3rd Floor, LIB/SLC)
Leslie’s talk will focus on why we need to think beyond Open Access and the common debates about business models and licensing options. As commercial interests have increasingly been monopolizing the essential infrastructure of knowledge production and distribution, this will have the effect of further narrowing the ways we think about the research processes, dissemination, and evaluation of impact. The implications for the reduction of intellectual diversity and means of knowledge representations will be discussed.
Leslie Chan Biography:
Leslie Chan is an Associate Professor at the Centre for Critical Development Studies, University of Toronto, Scarborough, where he is crossed appointed to the Department of Arts, Culture, and Media. His teaching and professional practices center on the role of “openness” in the design of inclusive knowledge infrastructure, and the implications for the production and flow of knowledge, and their impact on local and international development. An original signatory of the Budapest Open Access Initiative, Leslie has been active in the experimentation and implementation of scholarly communication initiatives of varying scales around the world. He has served as Director of Bioline International, an international collaborative open access platform since 2000. Leslie was the principal investigator for the Open and Collaborative Science in Development Network (OCSDNet), funded by IDRC in Canada and DFID in the UK, and the PI of the Knowledge G.A.P project. He serves on the advisory board of the Directory of Open Access Journal, and the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA). Recently he became a member of an international working group on Investing in Open Infrastructure. He has published broadly on open access, open science, and scholarly communications.
2019 Ryerson Library Open Access Wall of Fame Award Presentation and Talk –
Dr. Jennifer L. Lapum
Dr. Jennifer Lapum is a Professor in the Daphne Cockwell School of Nursing. She is a leader and social justice advocate in the development and curricular integration of Open Educational Resources (OER) in post-secondary education. She has been a lead author and editor in the production of several e-textbooks that have involved creating original content combined with adapting and remixing existing OER. These resources have included topics related to health assessment, vital sign measurement, scholarly writing, nutrition, nurse-client interviewing, and immunizations. In addition to reducing textbook costs for students, Dr. Lapum’s passion is to promote learner engagement and create accessible learning spaces by leveraging the multi-media and interactive elements of book authoring software programs. The collaborative nature of OER production has been a cornerstone of her work in which she has valued the joint efforts of students, educators, instructional designers, librarians, artists, among others.
Publish Open Access without Paying Fees & Distinguish Yourself with an ORCID ID
Date: Oct 21, 2019
Time: 2 p.m.- 3 p.m
Location: Ryerson Library Collaboratory (access via 3rd Floor, LIB/SLC)
Do you want to publish your scholarly work and make it openly discoverable on the Internet, AND also comply with your publisher agreement? The Library will show you how to “publish green” open access versions of your scholarly articles without having to pay extra fees. Using SHERPA/Romeo and the Library Digital Repository you can learn how to make your article available even if you have already signed a publisher agreement. In this workshop you will also learn how to set-up, use and populate an ORCID account. In order for scholarly work to be found in a global network of researchers, it is essential to easily differentiate authors. Many journal publishers and funding agencies now require or encourage authors to apply with an ORCID ID. In fact over 80 publishers now require an ORCID ID to submit papers, including IEEE, Sage, and Wiley.
Film Screening: Paywall – The Business of Scholarship
Date: Oct 22, 2019
Time: 11 a.m.- 12:30 p.m
Location: Ryerson Library Collaboratory (access via 3rd Floor, LIB/SLC)
As part of Open Access Week, the Library will be screening Paywall: The Business of Scholarship. This documentary, which focuses on the need for open access to research and science, questions the rationale behind the $25.2 billion a year that flows into for-profit academic publishers. There will be popcorn! This is a drop in event open to the Ryerson community.Open Access Week Event 2019: Engage Students with Social Annotation Join the teams from the Centre for Excellence in Learning & Teaching and the Ryerson Library for a hands-on workshop on teaching with social annotation, a new way to engage students with their readings. Recent research has shown that social annotation, which allows students to leave comments, questions, and reflections in the virtual margins of digital texts, as well as interact with each other, builds community and improves students’ reading comprehension, motivation, and critical thinking. You will learn how to use Hypothes.is, an open and free web annotation tool. Hypothes.is allows you and your students to collaboratively annotate websites and course readings. Hypothes.is can also be used for your own scholarly, research, and creative work. Hypothes.is is one of many open pedagogy tools available for your teaching needs.
Date: Oct 22, 2019
Time: 3 p.m. – 4 p.m.
Location: Ryerson Library Collaboratory (access via 3rd Floor, LIB/SLC)
Faculty, instructors and graduate students are invited to attend drop-in training sessions on setting up and populating an ORCID account.
Many journal publishers and funding agencies now require or encourage authors to apply for publication or funding with an ORCID iD. In fact, over 80 publishers – including IEEE, Sage and Wiley – require it for the submission of papers.
ORCID iDs allow for authors and scholarly work to be easily found within a global network of researchers.
To learn more, register for one of the following:
In Library Session: Friday, Oct. 4, 3 p.m. – 4 p.m. Location: Library Collaboratory, 3rd Floor Register
In Library Session: Thursday, Oct. 17, 1 p.m. – 2 p.m. Location: Library Collaboratory, 3rd Floor Register
In Library Session: Monday, Oct. 21, 2 p.m – 3 p.m. Location: Library Collaboratory, 3rd Floor (Open Access Week event) Register
The Ryerson University Library and Archives (RULA) is pleased to announce its 2018/19 RULA Open Educational Resources (OER) Grants to encourage the creation and adoption of open educational resources. OER are learning materials that are openly licensed such that they are freely available to be adapted, copied, and shared. OER can be: courses, modules, textbooks, multimedia, assessments, and supplementary materials.
These grants advance the University’s priorities to foster an innovation ecosystem and ensure excellence in student learning experiences, and build on RULA’s digital initiatives, expertise in Open Access and Open Education Resource publishing and dissemination, and academic priorities of access and openness. The Library and Archives is very pleased to collaborate with the Office of eLearning and the Learning and Teaching Office in the review and adjudication of the grants, and in the support of successful projects. A total of $35,000 is available in two categories of grants:
Category 1 – Creation or Adaptation
- 3 grants for creation or adaptation of an OER textbook or ancillary materials and its subsequent use in class- $10,000 each.
Category 2 – Review and Adoption
- 5 grants for peer review and adoption of OER, or creation of small-scale supplementary/ ancillary material for an existing OER – $1,000 each.
Objectives of the Grant Program
- To support faculty members in the review, revision and adoption of open textbooks and other OER materials
- To increase the use of open educational content, textbooks and OER at Ryerson University resulting in pedagogical innovation, enhanced access for students, and reduced textbook and class material costs.
All RFA and CUPE Faculty members, Librarians and Post-Doctoral fellows, may apply for these grants.
Proposals will be evaluated based on the following criteria:
- Curation and customization of OER that will be freely and openly shared within Ryerson University and beyond
- Impact on student experience, including high-quality materials, maximum access, open and innovative pedagogy, and cost savings to students
- Active engagement of students with Faculty in the adaptation/adoption of OER
- Improve discipline/subject OER coverage
- Complete and viable budget and project outcomes, consistent with project objectives and appropriate administrative approval from your Chair or supervisor as necessary
- Foster commitment to building equity, community and inclusion, advance the TRC Calls to Action, and alignment with Ryerson’s Academic Plan and priorities
Guidelines for Applicants
- Complete the Application Form by 4:00 pm on September 28, 2018. Proposals must be submitted via this link prior to the deadline.
- Selection Process: Proposals will be evaluated according to an established assessment rubric based on the criteria noted above. A RULA OER Grant Review Committee comprising representation from the Library and Archives (chair), the eLearning Office, and the Learning and Teaching Office will consider all applications. The results of this process will be communicated to each applicant by October 22nd, 2018, and announced during Open Access Week 2018.
- Funds will be available once a detailed budget is approved by the RULA OER Grant Review Committee.
- Funds may be used to be used to pay students; editors; graphic designers; videographers, with preference given to projects that employ Ryerson students. Funds cannot be used to purchase equipment or used for travel costs.
- This is not an equipment fund, however, if the substance of the project requires equipment, that component may be considered if it is demonstrated that such equipment is unavailable on campus and is instrumental to the project on a case-by-case approved basis.
- Faculty teaching release is not funded by this grant.
- Funds will be made available no later than November 30th, 2018 after recipients attend an introductory 2-hour on-boarding session. Category 1 funds must be expended no later than August 31st, 2019, and Category 2 funds must be expended no later than April 15th, 2019.
- Brief final reports at project completion and/or close of the granting period are required, including an outline of fund expenditures. Any unspent funds will be returned to the Library and Archives.
Reporting and Deliverables
For Category 1 – Creation and Adaptation grants:
A mid-term report is due April 15, 2019, and final reports and links to materials created must be submitted to the Library OER Grant Committee by August 31, 2019. Upon completion of the project, a presentation must be made during Open Access Week (October 2019).
For Category 2 – Review and Adoption grants:
Final two-page report and links to materials created must be submitted to the Library OER Grant Committee by April 15, 2019. Upon completion of the project, a short presentation must be made during Open Access Week (October 2019).
Acknowledgment and Licensing
Grant recipients are required to credit the RULA Open Educational Resources (OER) Grants in any publications, conference proceedings, or media appearances resulting from the funded project.
All materials created via these funds must be licensed under a Creative Commons CC-BY license, or a CC-BY-NC license and indicate that they were funded by a RULA Open Educational Resources (OER) Grants.
Groups will be interviewed at end of project for feedback and a follow-up interview will be done after in-classroom pilots.
To apply for a grant, please submit a completed application form to RULA by 4 pm September 28, 2018. Grant recipients will be announced October 22nd, 2018. If you have questions, please feel free to contact either Ann Ludbrook email@example.com ext. 6910, or Sally Wilson firstname.lastname@example.org ext. 556898, or email email@example.com.
You are invited to celebrate World IP day with us on Thursday April 26th from 4-6 pm at our IP Open House in the Library’s Collaboratory in the SLC.Established by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), World Intellectual Property Day occurs every April 26th to recognize the role that intellectual property rights (patents, trademarks, industrial designs, copyright) play in encouraging innovation and creativity. Please join us at an open house from 4pm – 6pm to learn about what supports are available at Ryerson to move your ideas from the lab to the market place. Drop by for a cookie and to talk to OPVRI and Library staff and external IP experts who can answer your questions about patents, trademarks, and copyrights. You can also explore the Ryerson Library Collaboratory, a just launched is a space and initiative in the 3rd floor of the Library that provides faculty and their research teams with space and technology resources to facilitate research and course development. This year WIPO is celebrating women and IP, see Powering Change: Women in Innovation and Creativity on the WIPO site.
This week March 5-9th, 2018 is Open Education Week!
What is Open Education? It is an educational movement that is committed to producing teaching resources that can be used and then reused by other educators without formally seeking permission. In this model creators of educational content freely release their materials to the public. Other educators can then deliver the material freely to their students, as long as they attribute the original creator. These resources are most commonly made available under Creative Commons licences which also the material to be freely used for education.
Open textbooks, like open courses, are created by experts and then made freely available to the public. Projects like the eCampusOntario Open Textbook Library give instructors a way to find free-to-share material, and great resources like the Creative Commons search can help anyone find free to use images and music. Watch this blog to learn more about exciting projects happening at Ryerson University throughout the week.
Ryerson University Library & Archives is listing and/or hosting the following events for Open Education Week 2018.
1) Ontario Council of University Libraries Webinar: Voices of OER
Time: Monday, March 5, 2018 11:00am-12:30pm
ILC Lab, LIB272 Ron D.Besse Information Commons, 2nd floor of the Library (Updated to LIB192)
This webinar will offer a number of perspectives on the emerging movement of OER, capturing the voices of teaching faculty, students and instructional developers. Offered as a collaborative session with support from the Ontario Council of University Libraries and the eCampusOntario funded project Open Textbook Start-up Project (a collaboration between Brock University, University of Windsor and University of Toronto) this 1.5-hour webinar will explore a number of practical issues around OER in Ontario.
Jessica O’Reilly, Instructional Developer (Faculty), Cambrian College
Helen DeWaard, Sessional Instructor, Lakehead University
Landon Tulk, Student, University of Windsor
Listen on your own here: https://www.openeducationweek.org/events/voices-of-oer
2) Open Your Textbook: Adopting, Adapting or Creating Your Own Open Textbook
Time: Tuesday, March 6th, 2018, 12:00- 2:00pm
Location: POD 372
Join Michelle Schwartz, Instructional Design & Research Strategist, Ann Ludbrook, Copyright Librarian, and Sally Wilson, Web Librarian, for an introduction to open textbooks. Learn how to adopt, adapt, and create your own open textbook using Ryerson’s new Pressbooks platform. Open textbooks provide instructors with the opportunity to create texts uniquely tailored to their own courses. They also save students money. OER Fellow Maureen Glynn and Wendy Freeman, Director of e-Learning will lead a discussion with Ryerson faculty members about their experiences creating open textbooks.
3) SPARC Webcast: Collaborating Across Institutions to Advance Open Education
The Open Education movement has grown dramatically in recent years. Much of this growth is the result of innovative OER programs and initiatives that span multiple institutions. Although challenging, these types of initiatives have the potential to impact the largest number of students and go far in making open the default in education. This webcast will highlight system and state/provincial-wide OER initiatives at SPARC member institutions.
March 7th, 2018 2:00-3:00pm
Michelle Reed, Open Education Librarian, University of Texas at Arlington Libraries: Mark McBride, Library Senior Strategist, SUNY System Administration; Amanda Coolidge, Senior Manager, Open Education, BCcampus; Grace Atkins, Outreach and Open Education Librarian, University of Missouri Libraries
4) Open Education Week Textbook Table
Thursday, March 8th, 2018 12:00-4:00pm
Location: Ron D.Besse Information Commons, Main Floor Library
Drop by and learn more about open textbooks and open educational resources. Flips through real open textbooks from eCampusOntario!
Friday, March 9th, 2018 9:00-9:30am
Location: Updated to LIB386C
Listen to 6 five-minute stories about open education projects in Ontario, one speaker is Sally Wilson from Ryerson University Library & Archives. This will be 30-minute time slot as part of a global pop-up conference where people tell stories about their projects and what they have accomplished during Open Education Week.
The week of February 26th is Fair Use/ Fair Dealing Week – an annual event to highlight, celebrate and educate about fair use in the United States and fair dealing in Canada and other jurisdictions. As part of our celebration of Fair Use/Fair Dealing Week, the Library is hosting a panel discussion, Copyright and Education: 2018 Update
At this panel presentation, the speakers will review significant legal developments in the areas of fair dealing and copyright, which impact on the educational use of copyright materials. This includes the recent ruling in the Access Copyright v. York University case, as well as the federal government’s current review of the Copyright Act. These developments will be of interest to instructors, faculty, and librarians, and others looking to ensure legal compliance with copyrighted materials in the classroom. Participants will also learn about the available supports at the Library to ensure copyright compliance, including the Library’s One Stop Course Reading Service, Open Educational Resources and Creative Commons licensing.
Date: Monday Feb. 26th, 2018
Julia Shin Doi, General Counsel General Counsel and Secretary of the Board of Governors
Carol Shepstone, Chief Librarian
Ann Ludbrook, Copyright and Scholarly Engagement Librarian
Faculty members and graduate students are invited to attend a drop-in session where they will receive hands-on assistance in setting up and populating an ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) account.
In order for scholarly work to be found in a global network of researchers, it is essential to differentiate authors. ORCID makes this easy by attaching an unambiguous identity to publications, funding and other research activities. As researchers collaborate across disciplines, institutions and geographic borders, having a unique author or researcher ID ensures credit for your scholarly output.
ORCID is an open, non-profit, community-driven effort to create and maintain a registry of unique researcher identifiers and link research activities and outputs to these identifiers. Many publishers and funding agencies now require or encourage authors to apply for an ORCID.
Drop-in dates and location:
Wednesday Oct 25th, 12:00 to 1:00 – SLC 516
Thursday Oct 26th, 12:00 to 1:00 – SLC 516
Wednesday Nov 1st, 12:00 to 1:00 – SLC 516
If you are not able to attend these sessions and would like to schedule a one-to-one appointment, please contact Brian Cameron at firstname.lastname@example.org or Naomi Eichenlaub at email@example.com.
Please see this video for more information about ORCID.
If you have a ResearchGate profile, you should be aware that 5 publishers, including Elsevier, Wiley, and the American Chemical Society, have sent take-down notices to ResearchGate. The publishers argue that 40% of the papers uploaded to ResearchGate are copyrighted. In 2013, Elsevier made a similar demand to Academia.edu.
In a further move, Elsevier and the American Chemical Society are taking legal action to prevent ResearchGate from uploading copyrighted content from the web. The website will prompt you to add these full-text articles to your profile. In most cases, authors who do so will have breached their copyright transfer agreement.
Researchers who are required to comply with the Tri-Agency Open Access Policy on Publications must be aware that uploading articles to ResearchGate, Academia.edu, or similar sites does not satisfy the policy requirements. Researchers at Ryerson should be using RULA’s Digital Repository. For assistance with the repository and open access publishing, contact Brian Cameron at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Please see Times Higher Education for a brief article about this issue.
To celebrate Fair Dealing Week the Library is holding a Copyright session for interested staff members at Ryerson University.
Date: Feb 21st, 2017
Room: SLC508 (5th Floor, Student Learning Centre)
Fair Dealing and You: Copyright Guidelines for Staff at Ryerson
As a Ryerson staff member, if you are distributing copyrighted works as part of your job, it is important to learn about the fair dealing provision in the Copyright Act, and how it can be used. Understanding the limits of fair dealing is essential to your copyright compliance as an staff member at Ryerson and is particularly important now that Ryerson’s Access Copyright licence has expired.
Stay tuned for more updates throughout Fair Dealing Week!
See the Ryerson Fair Dealing Guideline here.
April 26th is World Intellectual Property Day and is celebrated around the world. Launched by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 2000 the day was created to raise awareness about how intellectual property like patents, trademarks and copyright are both used and in turn foster creativity. This year’s theme is Digital Creativity: Culture Reimagined.
Universities are both creators of intellectual property through faculty, instructor, researcher and student output, but are also consumers of intellectual property. Ryerson University Library and Archives spends millions of dollars per year on book and digital journal subscription purchasing. Most of these on-line journal articles are not publicly available to those outside of a university environment without a fee. At universities we are digitally privileged because we pay a substantial amount yearly for access to this content.
The purchases universities make support publishers and at the same time give instructors, researchers and students timely access to the latest scholarly information that can be used in their courses and for their research. Ryerson researchers are also part of the creative cycle as they create and publish new works citing the work that has gone before them.
Faculty members looking for a new venue for sharing research will want to know about FACETS, a new multidisciplinary, peer reviewed open access journal published by Canadian Science Publishing. The journal publishes articles in the biological sciences, biomedicine and health, environmental science, engineering, physical sciences, and integrative sciences (such as ethics, public health, science policy, sustainability, etc.).
The creation of this journal is part of a larger shift in academic publishing away from traditional for-profit commercial publishers to an open access landscape that permits faculty members to retain copyright over their intellectual property and facilitate wider sharing of the results of their research. These and other open access benefits prompted the drafting of the Tri-Agency Open Access Policy on Publications, which now requires that research funded by NSERC, SSHRC, and CIHR be made open access.
Dr. Imogen Coe, Dean of the Faculty of Science at Ryerson and one of the editors for the new journal, notes that “The classic routes of publication are extraordinarily expensive for new researchers, for small labs with limited funds and for individuals all over the world who want access but get stuck with expensive paywalls.“
As a new journal, FACETS does not yet have an impact factor, a metric that reflects the average number of citations to articles recently published in a specific journal. Dr. Coe advises emerging researchers to “find a balance between impact factor and other measures of impact and contribution.” She also points out that some researchers mistakenly rely on impact factors as a measure of article quality. “Publication in the highest impact journal in the world – with no subsequent citations suggest that there was really no impact of the contribution. Publication in a low impact journal combined with huge numbers of citations suggests a truly impactful contribution.”
A major challenge for libraries supporting open access publishing is finding sustainable funding to support article processing fees (APCs). FACETS will charge an APC of $1350, which is less than most other APCs. The Ryerson Library provides some support for open access author fees via memberships with Biomed Central, the Public Library of Science, and Hindawi. For more information about open access publishing, the library’s open access author fund, and our Digital Repository, please see: http://learn.library.ryerson.ca/scholcomm.
A Guest Blog By Michelle Schwartz of the LTO for Open Education Week 2016
In February, Ryerson was excited to host Rajiv Jhangiani, a faculty member from Kwantlen Polytechnic University, for a talk on his research into the use of open textbooks to teach psychology. Open textbooks are defined as textbooks to which the copyright holder has assigned an open license, which allows anyone the right to access, reformat, and customize the textbook to best meet their needs. These textbooks can be downloaded or printed in hard copy for a small cost via print-on-demand. The author, rather than a publishing company, retains the copyright, and the textbooks are often peer reviewed.
Dr. Jhangiani is the author of two open textbooks hosted by the BC Open Textbook Project. The Open Textbook Project is an initiative by the government of British Columbia to make education more accessible. By developing open access textbooks for the subject areas with the highest enrollments in the province, British Columbia hoped to reduce the financial burden on students. The project has grown steadily over the course of the last few years, and as of March 2016, could boast of the following statistics:
Number of BC Open Textbooks: 139
Number of students using open textbooks: 12,159
Number of faculty adopting open textbooks: 110
Number of institutions adopting open textbooks: 26 (21 Public, 5 Private)
Student savings: $1,215,900 – $1,540,680
As an example of an open textbook, Dr. Jhangiani’s Research Methods in Psychology is in its 2nd Canadian edition. It can be downloaded for free in a multitude of formats, from PDF to epub, and it can be printed on demand for a small fee – $10.90 for black and white, or $32.25 for a colour version. As a comparison, a textbook on the same topic from a major publishing company is currently retailing on Amazon.ca for $276.
Though the importance of this cost difference to students cannot be understated, perhaps an even greater benefit of open textbooks was brought up by Dr. Jhangiani at his talk – by publishing with an open license, Dr. Jhangiani felt he had much more latitude to provide unique Canadian examples that he thought would be most beneficial to his students, without the pressure from a publishing company to try to address larger markets. Because the textbook is published with an open license, any educator can take the textbook, use the chapters that they like best, and replace Dr. Jhangiani’s examples and case studies with the material that is most relevant to their course. This flexibility is the strength of the open textbook model!
If you are interested in adopting an open textbook in your course, check out the offerings available at BC Campus, Open Stax College from Rice University, and the Open Textbook Library from the University of Minnesota.
If you have questions about adopting an open textbook or you have thoughts on how you might like to use them in your course, contact us at the LTO, email@example.com, ext. 2094.
The Ryerson Library and Archives can also assist in finding open access educational resources to use in your teaching – please contact your Subject Librarian , call Ann Ludbrook at ext. 6910 firstname.lastname@example.org or have a look at the Ryerson Library Open Access Educational Resources Guide.
OERs are educational works created by other instructors like lectures, tests, syllabus, assignments, textbooks, journal articles, case studies etc. that the author decides they want to let other educators use freely in their teaching. OERs can be used and reused freely for educational purposes because the author has freely released the work to the public for that use – usually using one of the six types of a Creative Commons licence. These licences allow different levels of use – some allow adaptation and even commercial use and some do not. All Creative Commons licences require citation. The best OER resources are governed by a principle of “The 5 Rs”.
“The 5 Rs” – in order for a resource to qualify as an OER users should be able to
• Reuse – use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)
• Revise – adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language)
• Remix – combine the original or revised content with other open content to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup)
• Redistribute – share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)
• Retain – make, own, and control copies of the content
(The 5rs is based on original writing by David Wiley, which was published freely under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license at: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/3221.)
In Canada there are some leaders of Open Educational Resources paving the way to support instructors who want to use resources like these that are free of copyright restrictions. One of these is the BCcampusOpenED resource that hosts Open Access textbooks, including peer-reviewed Canadian editions, and has had adoptions of these textbooks by more than 26 Canadian institutions, saving students over a million dollars of textbooks cost to date. In Ontario eCampus Ontario hosts Open Access educational resources and guides you to other open materials. Ryerson University Open Learning has Open Access modules created by Ryerson instructors such as videos from The Naked Entrepreneur and a module Therapeutic Communication and Mental Health Assessment. Michelle Schwartz at The Learning and Teaching Office has created a great best practices resource for faculty and instructors who want to explore open access educational resources called The Open Access Classroom. Open Access Education resources are free for you to use and reuse and adapt to fit your teaching aims as long as you cite the source. Perhaps most importantly these resources are free of copyright restrictions and you can provide them to your students free of charge.
What would happen if everytime you wanted to use an image in an school assignment, instead of just crediting it – you had to write to the photographer for permission to use it? Or your instructor wanted to use that same image in a preszentation but they needed to wait to hear back from a publisher for permission before they could post it to D2L – and your test is Friday? What would happen if you wanted to photocopy a single chapter of a Library Reserve book to read at home – but first you needed the formal ok of the author? What about if you were working on a research assignment with a classmate and wanted to send a single article you scanned from a journal to them so they could read it too – but couldn’t because it would be considered copyright infringement. What if your professor could never upload anything ever for you to read to your class no matter if it is a just a few pages and important for your educational studies without it being against the law? Luckily in Canada we have something called fair dealing, a copyright exception that gives you a user’s right to make and use short excepts of copyrighted materials for certain purposes such as education, private study, research and criticism and review – activities you do everyday as a student. If that copyright exception – fair dealing – was not in Canadian laws and in the Copyright Act – that material would be unavailable for you to copy without a licence – which could limit your access to material that contain knowledge you need to learn. Much of what students and educators do on a daily basis would be really really hard without fair dealing. Fair dealing is really important because it allows a freer flow of information to happen in an educational setting – it promotes learning and scholarship. Creator’s rights (an authors or publishers right to be compensated for the use of a work) is in balance with your right to use a short excerpt of a work without having to get the permission every time you use copyrighted material in your school work. So celebrate Fair Dealing – it is a user’s right that Canadians should use, not lose.
Next time you visit the Library, please drop by our new Open Access Wall of Fame, located on the main floor of the Library, near the Research Help area. The Wall of Fame provides us with an avenue to acknowledge and support Ryerson faculty who consider open access avenues when publishing their work. Open Access material is scholarly work that is made legally available with no restrictions so that anyone can access the full text. RULA supports open access through our Digital Repository, an online space for collecting, preserving, and providing online access to research and teaching materials created by the Ryerson community.
Dr. Harold Bauder is the Academic Director of the Ryerson Centre for Immigration & Settlement and a Graduate Professor in Immigration & Settlement Studies and the Department of Geography. Dr. Bauder co-authored a report, “Toronto’s Little India: A Brief History“, which is available in RULA’s Digitial Repository. This report has been viewed 11592 times, and downloaded 611 times, and is the most popular item in the repository.
Dr. Enza Gucciardi is an Associate Professor in the School of Nutrition and an Affiliate Scientist with the Toronto General Hospital Research Institute. She has written over a dozen publicly-accessible manuscripts on diabetes research, many of which are accessible in RULA’s Digital Repository.
Ryerson Library is very proud to announce the inaugural inductees for the Library’s Open Access Wall of Fame!
The Wall of Fame honours researchers who have demonstrated a commitment to ensuring their research is open and available to all. Our aim is to acknowledge and support those who consider open access avenues when publishing their work. Open Access material is scholarly work that is made legally available with no restrictions so the anyone can access the full text.
This year’s inaugural inductees are Dr Harald Bauder and Dr Enza Gucciardi.
Dr Bauder is the Academic Director of the Ryerson Centre for Immigration & Settlement and a graduate Professor in Immigration & Settlement Studies and the Department of Geography. Dr Bauder has been a long-time supporter of Open Access publishing, participating as both as writer and an editor. He was the editor of the journal ACME: An International e-Journal for Critical Geographies for nearly a decade and also served as editor of the open-access book publisher Praxis (e)Press. Through Praxis (e)Press, Dr Bauder published the textbook Critical Geographies: A Collection of Readings with Salvatore Engel-di Mauro. In addition, as the inaugural Academic Director of the Ryerson Centre for Immigration and Settlement (RCIS), Dr Bauder founded and edited the open-access RCIS Discussion Paper Series and the RCIS Research Briefs. Other Open Access publication venues include Comparative Migration Studies, the CERIS Working Paper Series, and popular media, such as Open Democracy. For more information about Dr Bauder’s work, including links to his publications, please see his faculty page.
Dr Gucciardi is an Associate Professor in the School of Nutrition and an Affiliate Scientist with the Toronto General Hospital Research Institute. She has written over a dozen publicly-accessible manuscripts on diabetes research. On the subject of open access, she writes:
I feel that everyone should have equitable access to publicly-funded research. Many libraries cannot purchase all of the journals available, particularly in less developed countries; thus, open access material helps to support research at all institutions worldwide. I also believe that publishing in open access journals will help attain a higher level of impact from greater numbers of citations. Ultimately, if all research is moved out from behind paywalls, our work can inspire broader collaboration, proliferate more research and potentially have greater benefits on society globally.
For more information about Dr Gucciardi’s work, including selected publications, please see her website.
Congratulations to Dr Bauder and Dr Gucciardi! Ryerson Library is honoured to have you as our first Open Access Wall of Fame inductees.