This paper examines the energy consumption of varying aspect ratio in multi-unit residential buildings in Canadian cities. The aspect ratio of a building is one of the most important determinants of energy efficiency. It defines the building surface area by which heat is transferred between the interior and exterior environment. It also defines the amount of building area that is subject to solar gain. The extent to which this can be beneficial or detrimental depends on the aspect ratio and climate. This paper evaluates the relationship between the geometry of buildings and location to identify a design vernacular for energy-efficient designs across Canada.
McKeen, P., & Fung, A. (2014). The effect of building aspect ratio on energy efficiency: A case study for multi-unit residential buildings in Canada. Buildings, 4(3), 336-354. doi:10.3390/buildings4030336
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Building Performance Analysis and Simulation)