Supply chain management (SCM) has shown to be a successful strategy to manage the flow of goods, materials, information and services between multiple entities in one organization or multiple businesses working together to provide final customers with final products or services with the objective of improving and enhancing the performance of the chain and maximizing its profit.
Inventory management (IM) is one element of the SCM that has shown researchers’ interests as it plays a major role in increasing supply chain profits and satisfying customers. Different coordination mechanisms have been developed to improve the collaboration and the integration of supply chain players.
Consignment stock (CS) is one of the coordination mechanisms that is extensively studied by researchers to reflect its benefits, drawbacks, and the proper techniques of implementing it between two or more players in the chain. The studies of the CS still have some gaps that can be covered by researchers such as studying its effect in a three-level supply chain or when a delay-in-payment exists. Optimizing the number of payments or studying a three-level supply chain system with multiple suppliers and multiple buyers has not been developed. This thesis covers these gaps and considers different scenarios where a CS, a traditional policy (TP) or a combination between both of them might exist in case a system consists of three players.
The main findings are optimizing the number of payments and incorporating a delay-in-payment increase the profit of the chain. In addition, a combination of a TP between the upstream players and a CS between the downstream players has shown to be better than adopting the same policy between all players. Some results of adopting a CS by all players have shown to be very close to the best scenario which could be the best option when demands highly fluctuate.