Thermal performance of complex buildings like data centers is not easy to evaluate. Experimental Investigation of the effects of energy conservation methods or any alteration that might occur in hundreds of variables in data centres would cost stakeholders time and money. And they might find worthless at times. Building energy model is a well-established field of science with an insufficient number of applications in data centers. This study presents methods of developing a data center model based on an actual case study. Moreover, it identifies effective calibrating strategies to increase the model performance accuracy relative to a recorded dataset. A reliable energy model can assist data center operators and researchers in different ways. As a result, calibrated energy model proved Earth Rangers’ data center can be independent of a heat pump or chiller use for most of the year, while ground heat exchangers deliver excessive heat to the ground as the heat sink.