On January 30th, 2020 the World Health Organization declared a Public Health
Emergency of International Concern in response to a new coronavirus disease: COVID-19. Worldwide, as of June 8th, there were over 6,500,000 cases confirmed; over 380,000
confirmed deaths; and, 216 countries, areas, and territories impacted (WHO, 2020). In
Canada, there has been over 96,000 confirmed cases, and over 7,800 reported deaths
(Public Health Canada, 2020). The virus is reported to have been first identified in Wuhan,
Hubei Province, China in December 2019. Although there are speculations, its exact origin
remains unknown. Other regions of the world, including the Americas, the Middle East,
Europe, and more recently South America, became epicentres of the outbreak.
Spade, C. & Ryerson Centre for Immigration and Settlement (2020) COVID-19 and Xenophobia. Toronto: Ryerson Centre for Immigration and Settlement.