Research

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  • The Protect Air Film of an Exterior Window
    The Protect Air Film of an Exterior Window
    The research paper investigates the impact of a window’s exterior air film on the assembly temperature. The exterior air film constitutes a vital portion of a window’s insulating values. The air film increases the temperature of the window exterior pane to a temperature above ambient temperature. The air film also rises the interior glass temperature and reduces the heat transfer from the interior surface. According to computational fluid dynamics (CFD), the air film is removed in windy conditions, decreasing the window temperature on the outside as well as on the inside. The idea behind the project is to carry out an experimental procedure on three different windows to validate the CFD results, which indicates the effect of various wind speeds. Keyword: Exterior air film, computational fluid dynamics, window assembly, wind speed
    The Provision of Services to New Immigrants in Canada: Characteristics of Government-Non-profit Partnerships
    The Provision of Services to New Immigrants in Canada: Characteristics of Government-Non-profit Partnerships
    Canada is one of a number of countries (e.g. Netherlands, Belgium, France, Germany and Ireland) in which the provision of social services is considered to be a partnership between government and nonprofit service providers, with government providing the money and the nonprofit organizations (NPOs) delivering the service. However, the Canadian model incorporates two significant features of the Anglo-Saxon model, as practiced in Great Britain, United States and Australia. First, many Canadian social service NPOs receive additional philanthropic support, some even relying exclusively on philanthropy; and second, many social service NPOs benefit from a large volunteer presence (Hall, Barr, Easwaramoorthy, Wojciech & Salamon, 2005).Overall, the social service sector receives 66% of their revenues from government sources - mostly from provincial governments (Barr et al., 2005). Keywords: CVSS, Centre for Voluntary Sector Studies, Working Paper Series,TRSM, Ted Rogers School of Management Citation:, Meinhard, A., Lo, L. & Hyman, I. (2015). The provision of services to new immigrants in Canada: characteristics of government-non-profit partnerships (Working Paper Series Volume 2015 (2)). Toronto: Ted Rogers School of Management, Centre for Voluntary Sector Studies, Ryerson University.
    The Psycho-Social and Socio-Cultural Factors of Crystal Methamphetamine Use Among the Gay, Bi and MSM (GBM) Population
    The Psycho-Social and Socio-Cultural Factors of Crystal Methamphetamine Use Among the Gay, Bi and MSM (GBM) Population
    In the United States, men who have sex with men (MSM) remain as the demographic group with the highest HIV incidence rates and account for 53% of new HIV infections in 2006 (Rajasingham, Mimiaga, White, Pinkston, Baden, & Mitty, 2012). One of the reasons accounting for such high rates of HIV transmission between gay, bisexual and MSM (GBM) can be attributed to poly-substance use and the use of crystal methamphetamine (Solomon, Halkitis, Moeller, & Pappas, 2012; Rajasingham et al., 2012). The U.S. Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (2007) reported methamphetamine use in the MSM community is of particular concern due to the high prevalence of HIV and the use of the stimulant. Meanwhile, researchers have found methamphetamine use is closely corrleated to sexual risk taking among GBM and such intimate link between risky sexual behaviour and methamphetamine use have led to a possible double epidemic (Halkitis, Green, & Carragher, 2006). In particular, the use of methamphetamine has been found to be correlated to the frequency of unprotected insertive anal intercourse (UIAI) and unprotected receptive anal intercourse (URAI) among HIV positive and persons with unknown serostatus causal partners over time (Halkitis, Mukherjee, & Palamar, 2009). As an effort to better understand this social pheonemon, this paper focuses on the exploration and identification of the psycho-social and socio-cultural factors of crystal methamphetamine use among the GBM population.
    The Radical Ideas of Mary Wollstonecraft
    The Radical Ideas of Mary Wollstonecraft
    Online version of an article, originally published as: Ferguson, Susan, The Radical Ideas of Mary Wollstonecraft, Canadian Journal of Political Science / Revue canadienne de science politique, Vol. 32, No. 3 (Sep., 1999), pp. 427-450.
    The Rogue Poster-Children of Universal Design: Closed Captioning and Audio Description
    The Rogue Poster-Children of Universal Design: Closed Captioning and Audio Description
    This is a pre-print version of a paper now available in the Journal of Engineering Design’s Online First section. Changes made as a result of peer review are not included in this version. The paper can be accessed at http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all~content=a916629020
    The Role of Competence in Outcomes for Children and Youth: An Approach for Mental Health
    The Role of Competence in Outcomes for Children and Youth: An Approach for Mental Health
    Funding provided by: Centre of Excellence for Child and Youth Mental Health at Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO).
    The Role of Ethnic Retailing in Retrofitting Suburbia: Case Studies from Toronto, Canada
    The Role of Ethnic Retailing in Retrofitting Suburbia: Case Studies from Toronto, Canada
    Today’s immigrants to Canada are increasingly and directly settling into suburban areas of major cities; a trend that has resulted in new retail opportunities: suburban ethnic shopping centres are a growing phenomenon in areas with major immigrant settlement. This paper discusses the development and retrofitting processes of three suburban Chinese shopping malls in the Toronto area. The paper explores how these malls successfully regenerated areas once affected by business decline and how they can act as a catalyst to develop a new urban form that makes the suburban landscape less uniform and more sustainable. Various perspectives from key players involved in ethnic retail activities and developments were collected, including surveys with entrepreneurs and shoppers, and semi-structured interviews with city councillors, city planners, developers, and an architect. The paper suggests that municipalities could invest in established ethnic retail places as an innovative means of “retrofitting suburbia"., Zhixi Cecilia Zhuang & Amanda Xiaoxuan Chen (2016): The role of ethnic retailing in retrofitting suburbia: case studies from Toronto, Canada, Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability, DOI: 10.1080/17549175.2016.1254671
    The Role of Maps in Neighborhood-Level Heat Vulnerability Assessment for the City of Toronto
    The Role of Maps in Neighborhood-Level Heat Vulnerability Assessment for the City of Toronto
    C. Rinner, D. Patychuk, K. Bassil, S. Nasr, S. Gower, M. Campbell (2010) The Role of Maps in Neighborhood-Level Heat Vulnerability Assessment for the City of Toronto. Cartography and Geographic Information Science 37(1): 31-44
    The Role of Visibility in Pursuit/Evasion Games
    The Role of Visibility in Pursuit/Evasion Games
    The cops-and-robber (CR) game has been used in mobile robotics as a discretized model (played on a graph G) of pursuit/evasion problems. The “classic” CR version is a perfect information game: the cops’ (pursuer’s) location is always known to the robber (evader) and vice versa. Many variants of the classic game can be defined: the robber can be invisible and also the robber can be either adversarial (tries to avoid capture) or drunk (performs a random walk). Furthermore, the cops and robber can reside in either nodes or edges of G. Several of these variants are relevant as models or robotic pursuit/evasion. In this paper, we first define carefully several of the variants mentioned above and related quantities such as the cop number and the capture time. Then we introduce and study the cost of visibility (COV), a quantitative measure of the increase in difficulty (from the cops’ point of view) when the robber is invisible. In addition to our theoretical results, we present algorithms which can be used to compute capture times and COV of graphs which are analytically intractable. Finally, we present the results of applying these algorithms to the numerical computation of COV., Kehagias, A., Mitsche, D., & Pralat, P. (2014). The role of visibility in Pursuit/Evasion games. Robotics, 3(4), 371-399. doi:10.3390/robotics3040371, (This article belongs to the Special Issue Coordination of Robotic Systems)
    The Segmentation of Academic Labour
    The Segmentation of Academic Labour
    published in ACME 4(2): https://www.acme-journal.org/index.php/acme/article/view/735