OBJECTIVE To determine the household food insecurity (HFI) prevalence in Canadians with diabetes and its relationship with diabetes management, self-care practices, and health status. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We analyzed data from Canadians with diabetes aged ≥12 years (n = 6,237) from cycle 3.1 of the Canadian Community Health Survey, a population-based cross-sectional survey conducted in 2005. The HFI prevalence in Canadians with diabetes was compared with that in those without diabetes. The relationships between HFI and management services, self-care practices, and health status were examined for Ontarians with diabetes (n = 2,523). RESULTS HFI was more prevalent among individuals with diabetes (9.3% [8.2–10.4]) than among those without diabetes (6.8% [6.5–7.0]) and was not associated with diabetes management services but was associated with physical inactivity (odds ratio 1.54 [95% CI 1.10–2.17]), lower fruit and vegetable consumption (0.52 [0.33–0.81]), current smoking (1.71 [1.09–2.69]), unmet health care needs (2.71 [1.74–4.23]), having been an overnight patient (2.08 [1.43–3.04]), having a mood disorder (2.18 [1.54–3.08]), having effects from a stroke (2.39 [1.32–4.32]), lower satisfaction with life (0.28 [0.18–0.43]), self-rated general (0.37 [0.21–0.66]) and mental (0.17 [0.10–0.29]) health, and higher self-perceived stress (2.04 [1.30–3.20]). The odds of HFI were higher for an individual in whom diabetes was diagnosed at age <40 years (3.08 [1.96–4.84]). CONCLUSIONS HFI prevalence is higher among Canadians with diabetes and is associated with an increased likelihood of unhealthy behaviors, psychological distress, and poorer physical health.
Diabetes Care. 2009 December; 32(12): 2218–2224.
Published online 2009 August 31. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2337%2Fdc09-0823http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2782980/